Tempo Timor Online

Dili, 09 Outubru 2015 – Xefe Kaza Sivil, Rui Gomes, iha kinta-feira semana kotuk, simu reprezentante-sira hosi komunidade Oe-cussi no rejistu sira-nia preokupasaun lubun ida konaba rai no propriedade hafoin implementa projetu ZEESM iha Palásiu Prezidensia Repúblika.

 

Iha enkontru ne’ebé maka hala’o kuaze oras rua nia laran ne’e, reprezentante komunidade Oe-Cusse sira aproveita oportunidade atu hato’o sira-nia preokupasaun hirak-ne’ebé sira hasoru. 

 

Portavoz ba komunidade Oe-cussi, Sr. Agustinho da Costa “Fitun Bot”, informa katak, projetu hirak hanesan konstrusaun ótel luxu Oeupu, alargamentu istrada ne’ebé autoridade lokal ZEESM hala’o ne’e la hala’o liúhosi konsulta ho rai-nain sira. Komunidade-sira ne’ebe afetadu senti katak, indeminizasaun ne’ebe sira simu la justu no la permiti sira harii fila-fali sira nian uma ho material konstrusaun ne’ebe sira simu ona. Osan atu selu badain la to’o no material-sira ne’e, hanesan simenti, sei sai fatuk tanba sira laiha kbiit atu harii uma foun. “Fitun Bot” lamenta situasaun umakain liu 180 ne’ebe hetan prejuizu durante fase konstrusaun ida ne’e. Nia dehan katak ema sira ne’ebe lakon sira nia uma, “agora moris fila fali iha terpal nian okos”.

 

Membru komunidade Oe-cussi sira-ne’e mós preokupa ho sira nian fonte rendimentu, tanba ho planu konstrusaun sistema irrigasaun la permiti sira kuda sira nian hare durante tinan tolu nian laran.

 

Maski Xefe Kaza Sivil Rui Gomes apresia onestidade no frontalidade reprezentante-sira komunidade Oe-Cusse nian, nia promete haruka kedas asesór juridiku, Dr. José António, hodi hala’o levantamentu liu hosi halibur informasaun klean liu tan, no rona mós hosi parte responsável-sira projetu ZEESM nian molok prepara relatóriu ida ba Sua Eselensia Prezidenti-Repúblika, Taur Matan Ruak.

 

Rui Gomes mós enkoraja nafatin diálogu entre responsável-sira projetu nian ho komunidade atu buka solusaun diak ba parte hotu. 

 

 

Iha sorumutuk ho reprezentante-sira komunidade Oe-Cusse hamutuk ema nain ruanulu ne’e, marka mós prezensa Xefe Kaza Militar, Koronel Trix no asesór-sira juridiku nian, Dr. Tiago Sarmento.

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Tempo Timor, 02 Outubru 2015 – Grupu Trabalhu Spesial ka Special Working Group (SWG) entre Timor-Leste ho Indonésia ne’ebé halao sorumutu bá datoluk, iha loron 01 – 02 Outubru 2015, hodi diskute konabá segmentu rua iha area Noel Besi – Citrana no Bidjael Sunan – Oben, iha parte fronteira Ambeno - Oe-cusse, ne’ebé to’o oras ne’e seidauk resolve, hahu hatudu pasu pozitivu.

 

“Rezultadu hosi enkontru tékniku ne’e pozitivu tebes, tamba durante ne’e Timor-Leste ho Indonesia tenta atu buka pontu komun ida atu bele hakat bá oin hodi resolve segmentu rua ne’ebé seidauk resolve. Hosi enkontru ne’e, parte rua konkorda atu realiza trabalhu konjuntu ida iha terenu. Trabalhu ida ne’e, nian objetivu maka hodi identifika no klarifika liña fronteira ninian nomos hodi rona tán populasaun parte Timor-Leste ho Indonesia nian, konabá sira nian hanoin, sira nian hakarak,lamentasaun,hodi nune’e, bele hatene razaun saida mak to’o agora segmentu rua ne’e seidauk resolve. Ami konkorda atu halao trabalhu konjuntu ne’e iha fulan Outubru nian laran. Data lolos, ami sei komunika bá malu liu hosi kanal diplomátika. Maibé, ami konkorda hamutuk katak sei halao molok enkontru Joint Border Committee (JBC). Akordu konabá opsaun foun ne’ebé ami konkorda hamutuk sai nudar pasu dahuluk para atu konklui delineamentu no demarkasaun fronteira terrestre,” katak Diretor Marcos da Costa, Xefe delegasaun Timor-Leste.

 

Entertantu, Diretor Marcos mós hato’o katak maske sei sedu liu atu anunsia konabá bainhira los maka atu hetan akordu final ida, nia fiar katak parte rua sei bele kumpri hanoin hotu ne’ebé hato’o hamutuk ona hosi Prezidente Repúblika Indonesia, Joko Widodo no Primeiru-Ministru Timor-Leste, Rui Maria de Araújo, durante visita ofisial Primeiru-Ministru bá Jakarta, Indonesia, iha loron 25-27 Agostu 2015. 

 

Durante visita ofisial ne’e, parte rua hato’o katak konabá fronteira terrestre, iha pontu rua mak seidauk resolve no konkorda atu bele resolve molok tinan ne’e remata. 

 

Ekipa Indonésia lidera hosi Budiono Subambang, Diretor bá Zona Spesial, Munisipiu no Assuntus Fronteiras entre Estadu, Ministériu Interior no kompostu hosi ofisial Ministériu Negósiu Estranjeiru, Ministériu Interior Repúblika Indonésia, Ajensia Informasaun Geospatial, akompaña hosi parte Embaixada Repúblika Indonésia iha Timor-Leste. Ekipa Timor-Leste lidera hosi Marcos da Costa, Diretor Sudeste Aziatiku no Oseania, MNEC no    kompostu hosi ofisial Ministériu Negósiu Estranjeiru no Koperasaun, Ministériu Administrasaun Estatal, Ministériu Justisa liu hosi DNTPSC, Unidade Patrulhamentu Fronteira (UPF), F-FDTL, Gabinete Prezidensia no Gabinete Primeiru Ministru 

 

 

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Tempo Timor - Iha loron Kinta Feira (24/09) Governu Timor Leste fo sai ba publiku liu husi komunikadu de imprensa ida ne’ebe asina husi porta Voz VI Governu Konstitusional ninian hodi informa katak, “Governu Timor-Leste ohin fó tiha ona notifikasaun ba Governu Austrália konaba inisiasaun prosesu arbitrajen foun ida tuir Tratadu Tasi Timor”.

 

Iha komunikadu refere esplika, “Timor-Leste halo ona inisiasaun prosesu arbitrajen foun ne’e hodi rezolve disputa mak eziste entre Governu rua ne’e kona-bá interpretasaun loloos ba Artigu 8(b), ne’ebé mosu iha inisiu 2014 tuir kontestu ne’ebé Australia halo intervensaun inapropriada ida ba iha prosesu arbitrasaun ne’ebé fasilita husi parteterseira internasional seim halo konsulta previa ida uluk ho Timor-Leste”.

 

“Timor-Leste la-konkorda ho pozisaun Austrália nian ne’ebé hateten katak nia iha direitu juridisional absolute no ekluzivu, inkluindu direitu tributáriu hotu ein relasaun ho kadoras esportasaun oleodutu (pipeline) ne’ebé tama mós iha área JPDA (Área de Desenvolvimento Petrolífero Conjunto). Entendimentu Austrália nian ne’e bele taka-dalan ba kualker direitu juridisional Timor-Leste nian, inkluindu direitu tributáriu ka jestaun ba kualker atividade ne’ebé iha relasaun ho oleodutu (pipeline). Entendimentu ida ne’e totalmente lakonsistente ho testu no propózitu husi Tratadu Tasi Timor. Nune’e mós, entendimentu ida ne’e la konsistente ho tekstu no objetivu Tratadu no la-hetan suporta mós husi kualker dokumentu negosiasaun ka dokumentu sira seluk ne’ebé elaboradu no produzidu to’o ohin loron, ein partikular relasiona ho kestaun juridisaun iha Área de Desenvolvimento Petrolífero Conjunto (JPDA)”, dekreta iha nota de imprensa ne’eba.

 

Antes ne’e iha IV Governu ninia tempu Timor-Leste mos hatama ona Australia ba iha Tribunal internasional iha De Haia maibe seim esplikasaun ruma bainhira Tribunal atu foti ona desizaun Timor-Leste dada sai fali kazu ne’ebe sira rasik maka hatama kontra Australia relasiona mos ba asuntus rezultadu negosiasaun Tasi Timor.

 

“Durante fulan sanulu-resin-ualu Timor-Leste konsistentemente iha intensaun di’ak hodi diskute ho Austrália kona-ba interpretasaun signifikadu husi Artigu 8 (b), no rekoñese natureza jurisdisaun partillada iha Tratadu Tasi Timor ne’ebe estabelese nu’udar parte kompromísiu nesesáriu hodi alkansa solusaun temporarária ne’ebé permiti parte rua ne’e hodi benefisia husi esplorasaun rekursu iha área disputa Tasi Timor. Bazeia ba ida ne’e, Timor-Leste konvida konsultasaun iha parte ida-idak nia jurisdikasaun atu determina iha ne’ebé maka bele partilla, ne’ebé eskluzivu ba Australia no Timor-Leste, no iha ne’ebé maka seidauk determina”, Governu Timor-Leste relata.

 

Governu Timor-Leste hateten, “Infelizmente, esforsu tomak ne’ebé halo hodi hetan entendimentu ida ne’e la-hetan susesu”.

 

“Haree ba inkapasidade hodi diskute natureza no ámbitu juridisaun iha área disputa, Timor-Leste konsidera dalan úniku hodi rezolve disputa ida ne’e maka liuhusi submete kestaun ida ne’e ba Tribunal Arbitrasaun ida tuir artigu 13 Tratadu Tasi Timor. Inisiasaun arbitrasaun ne’e sei fó biban ba kada parte hodi aprezenta

sira nia pozisaun, ne’ebé suporta ho faktu no lei,” Governu Dili esplika.

 

Iha loron Sexta Feira (25/09), Australia ninia Ministra ba Negosiu Estranjeiru, Julie Bishop MP ho Australia ninia Prokurador Jeral, Senadór George Brandis QC, hasai deklarasaun liu husi komunikadu de imprensa konjunta ida hodi informa Australia ninia lamentasaun hasoru sira ninia vijinu Timor-Leste.

 

“Governu Austrália lamenta katak Governu Timor-Leste inisia tiha ona prosesu arbitrajen hasoru Austrália, hodi disputa ami nia direitu eskluzivu iha lei internasionál atu simu impostu husi oleodutu (kadoras ba mina) ba Darwin husi kampu gas Bayu‑Undan iha Área Konjunta ba Dezenvolvimentu Petrolíferu (JPDA),” dehan iha komunikadu ne’ebe redasaun Tempo Timor simu.

 

Governu Australia haktuir dehan, “Austrália no Timor-Leste halo ona konsultasaun amigavel hodi tenta rezolve disputa ne’e liu-husi dalan diálogu, duke asaun legál. Austrália prefere nafatin dalan diálogu”.

 

“Governu Austrália no Timor-Leste servisu tiha ona iha Tasi Timor bazeia ba konsiderasaun katak Austrália iha jurizdisaun esklusivu ba oleodutu, inklui ba objetivu impostu ninian, konsistente ho Tratadu Tasi Timor 2002. Tratadu Tasi Timor Artigu 8 (b) klaru katak: “Oleodutu ne’ebé dada mai iha Timor tenke iha jurizdisaun Timor-Leste nia okos. Oleodutu ne’ebé dada ba iha Austrália tenke iha jurizdisaun Austrália nia okos.”

 

“Tuir konkordansia ne’ebé foti entre reprezentativus Austrália no Timor-Leste, envezde Timor-Leste simu impostu husi oleodutu, Timor-Leste simu osan dolar miliaun 8 husi Austrália tinan-tinan desde oleodutu komesa la’o iha tinan 2006,” Australia fo lembra fali Timor-Leste.

 

Liu tan Governu Australia dehan, “Maske nune’e, iha tinan 2012 Timor-Leste komesa husu pagamentu impostu ba kompañia sira ne’ebé uza oleodutu (inkluindu iha pasadu). Timor-Leste nia pozisaun foun kontra ita nia akordu no mos kontra regulamentu estabelesidu ba kompañia sira ne’ebé servisu iha Tasi Timor”.

 

Australia promete dehan, “Austrália sei defende maka’as ida ne’e no asaun arbitrajen sira seluk ne’ebé hahú husi Timor-Leste”.

 

 

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Tempo Timor- According to a press released sent by the the VI Government spokesperson office said, “today the Government of Timor-Leste (TL) has given notice to the Government of Australia that it has initiated new arbitration proceedings under the Timor Sea Treaty”. 

 

The press released continued, “Timor-Leste has initiated this new arbitration to resolve a dispute that exists between the two Governments concerning the proper interpretation of Article 8(b), which arose in early 2014 in the context of an inappropriate interference by Australia in a third-party international arbitration, without prior consultation with Timor-Leste”. 

 

“Timor-Leste disagrees with Australia’s assertion that it has absolute and exclusive jurisdictional rights, including taxation rights, relating to the entire length of a petroleum export pipeline including into the Joint Petroleum Development Area. Australia’s claim would deny Timor-Leste any jurisdictional rights relating to this pipeline or activities relating to this pipeline. This is inconsistent with the text and purpose of the Treaty and is not supported by any negotiating or other documents that have been brought to light, in particular as it pertains to jurisdiction within the Joint Petroleum Development Area”. 

 

“Over the past eighteen months Timor-Leste has consistently been willing to discuss with Australia the meaning of Article 8(b), and to acknowledge the shared nature of jurisdiction that the Timor Sea Treaty establishes as part of the compromise necessary to permit the temporary arrangement allowing each party to benefit from the exploitation of the resources in the still-disputed area. On this basis, Timor-Leste has invited consultations on the scope of each party’s jurisdiction to determine where it is shared, where it is exclusive to Australia and Timor-Leste, and where it is yet to be determined. Its efforts in this regard have been to no avail,” the statement said. 

 

“Given the inability to discuss the degrees of jurisdiction in the disputed waters, Timor-Leste is now of the view that the only way to resolve this matter is by submitting the dispute to an arbitration Tribunal as provided for under Article 23 of the Treaty. The initiation of arbitration will allow for each party to present its position supported by facts and law”. 

 

“Timor-Leste remains willing to resolve the dispute directly with Australia. This will be possible if Australia can help break the current impasse by recognizing the existence of shared jurisdiction, according to the terms of the Timor Sea Treaty, and engage in productive consultations to determine the degree of each nation’s jurisdiction over the shared pipeline and related activities”.

 

“Timor-Leste is hopeful of the satisfactory and speedy resolution of this matter.” 

 

 

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By Caitlin Taylor and Somerset Lewis 

 

Time is running out for Timor-Leste and Australia to reach an agreement surrounding maritime boundaries, as disputes continue over claims to lucrative oil reserves below the Timor Sea.

 

In 2006 the two countries signed the ‘Treaty on Certain Maritime Agreements in the Timor Sea’, dividing up revenue from the Greater Sunrise oil field and joint development areas. 

 

But the Timor-Leste Government has since launched arbitration against Australia, after claims of bugging by Asio officials in Dili’s cabinet room in 2004, to sway negotiations in their favour. 

 

Currently oil and gas pay for 95 per cent of Timor-Leste’s state revenues, but should oil projects in the Timor Sea remain stalled, the country’s Petroleum Fund could expire by the mid-2020’s, according to the Timor-Leste Institute for Development Monitoring and Analysis. 

 

Speaking to Tempo Semanal, former president and Nobel Peace laureate Jose Ramos-Horta warned that as negotiations continue without any end in sight, valuable revenue is being wasted. 

 

“Timor-Leste is running out of time, with the oil price dramatically dropping we don’t have unlimited resources to pay lawyers or to wait, so we have to find better ways to protect our interests,” he said. 

 

“We’re entitled to a median line with equal distance between Australia and Timor-Leste, and it’s possible to reach an agreement but the problem is that it could take forever.” 

 

Under current arrangements, 50 per cent of the revenue from the Greater Sunrise project would go to Timor-Leste, but the disagreement over the maritime boundary means the field is yet to be developed and is unlikely to produce returns in the near future. 

 

As a result, Timor-Leste is seeking to revisit the treaty to establish an official boundary half way between the two countries – which is common measure under international law – placing more of the Greater Sunrise project under Timorese control. 

 

This in turn would see Timor-Leste gain control of reserves worth more than $40 billion. 

 

However, Australia remains steadfast in its position, with Foreign Minister Julie Bishop and Attorney General George Brandis issuing a joint statement in June stating, “Australia remains committed to [the treaty] and is disappointed that Timor-Leste is attempting to re-open it.”

 

But Mr Ramos-Horta says Australia is increasingly acknowledging that there should be improvements on resource sharing between the nations. 

 

“The best way to guarantee peace and stability in Timor-Leste, to genuinely help it out of poverty, is to allow Timor-Leste to have a better share of the resources in the Timor Sea,” he said. 

 

“It is obvious that Timor-Leste [is] not benefiting from a good share of the revenue.”

 

In July, South Australian Independent Senator, Nick Xenophon lambasted the position of Australia’s two key political parties on the median line, saying it deprives Timor-Leste of revenue, which could be put towards alarming gaps in the country’s health and education systems. 

 

"Labor has, in effect, given bi-partisan cover to the Coalition's unconscionable position on this issue, one that is damaging our reputation in the region," said the Senator. 

 

Mr Ramos-Horta says Australia needs to take greater responsibility for its position within the region in order to strengthen ties with Timor-Leste. 

 

“If fair-minded people in Australia were to speak out and make this into an issue in Australia in every home, with the media talking about it, the government would quickly find ways to renegotiate CMAT,” he said. 

 

“A treaty is not a bible… you can revise it.”

 

"I am convinced, being Australia a true friend of Timor-Leste, and being Australians known as very fair-minded, if we sit down and talk quietly and patiently, as neighbours and friends, who shed blood for each other in our history, we can work out a much improved Maritime Agreement and one that not only encompasses oil and gas revenues but that also covers maritime security", Said Nobel Laureate Ramos-Horta.

 

 

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