Tempotimor (Dili)-Gravasaun lian haksesuk-malu entre Vise Ministru Saúde na’in rua, Elia dos Santos Reis Amaral ho Bonifacio Mau Coli, konsege sai viral iha media sosial. Responde ba ida ne’e, governu hahú ona investiga see mak grava no sirkula gravasaun lian Elia ho Mau Coli.

Sekretariu Estadu Komunikasaun Sosial (SEKomS) Mericio Juvinal dos Reis Akara dehan, investigasaun mak sei determina see mak fó sai gravasaun lian ne’e.

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"Investigasaun mak sei hatudu, sala ne'e iha ne'ebé, iha era dijital ne'e tenke kuidadu, ne'ebé atu justifika video ne'e di'ak ka la di'ak. Se problema ne'e mak ami governu lamenta, ne'e mak ami atu investiga ne'e, kuandu iha ona rezultadu, mak ida ne'e halo sala ne'e, nia sei hetan konsekuénsia," dehan Akara.

Entretantu, relasiona ho gravasaun lian ne’e, deputadu husi bankada FRETILIN iha Parlamentu Nasionál husu atu tenke iha medida ekilibriu ba Elia no Mau Coli.

"Médida ne'e tenke ekilibriu. Ba governante na'in rua ne'e mós tenke iha médida, ida ne'e reflete ba governasaun ida ne'ebé laiha responsabilidade, tanba deskute iha públiku la'os interese nasionál no interese povu, maibé interese sira na'in rua nian, interese kadeira nian, interese ukun nian," dehan Vise Prezidente Bankada Fretilin Francisco Miranda Branco iha plenária, Segunda (09/12/19).

Tuir nia, ema ne’ebé halo gravasaun no sirkula ba públiku ne’e la’os kestaun importante atu kestiona, tanba kestaun importante mak lider na’in rua ne’ebé diskuti-malu.

"Ida ne'ebé fó sai ba públiku ne'e la'os importante, maibé ida ne'ebé importante mak lider na'in rua ne'e dekute kona-ba poder. La'os diskuti asuntu nasionál iha seitór síviku saúde nian maibé diskuti ba sira na'in rua nia problema kona-ba ba kaer ukun. Ida ne'e ha'u hanoin eskándalu ida ne'ebé Primeiru Ministru (PM) tenke foti médida," deklara Branco.

TempoTimor (Dili) - Secretary of State for Professional Training and Employment (SEFOPE) Julião da Silva accompanies Prime Minister Taur Matan Ruak on the visit to the CNFP-Tibar Training Center to see and observe directly the training activities in the center (08/04).

Qualified human resource and lack of jobs are a major problem contributing to unemployment in Timor-Leste. Furthermore, students who graduate, from secondary schools and universities, in large numbers have caused existent jobs incapable of absorbing all of them

Each year, universities produce more than 15.000 graduate students. Of this number, only a few, at least 10%, are able to find employment, while the majority cannot get a job.

Reality shows that whenever government or private institutions open job vacancies, there are so many people applying for jobs. Despite the fact that the vacancy is open to five positions, however, there are hundreds of people who submit their documents.

Based on the policy of the 8th Constitutional Government, 60,000 young people will be employed every year. From this figure, the State Secretariat for Professional Training and Employment (SEFOPE) will contribute 6000 potential workers each year.

In order to accomplish this policy’s goal, the State Secretary for Professional Training and Employment (SEFOPE) Julião da Silva wants to reposition SEFOPE on its right track.

“The true goal of SEFOPE is a Secretariat of State to train and empower people to be professionals in order to access job market”, SEJulião said.

With this policy in mind, Secretary of State Julião started paying more attention to the training centers, whether public or private, that received accreditation from the National Institute of Labor Development (INDMO) to improve the quality of these training centers.

The major problem faced by these training centers in preparing people to access the available 666 job markets is that some training centers are not good enough to establish a training subject to respond to market demand, making it difficult for trainees that they produce to access the job market.

Mr. Julião gave an example of some training centers in Lospalos, Lautem municipality, which provided training in administration and computer, but in reality the job market in Lautem needs more carpenter, hospitality and bricklayer.

The Secretary of State for Professional Training and Employment (SEFOPE), Julião da Silva, presented the Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste and the Government of Australia, on the participation of Timorese citizens in the Pacific Labor Scheme Program, to the Council of Ministers for further approval at the Government Palace (03/20). Photo: Suplai

Below are the complete statements made by Secretary of State Julião (SEJ) in an interview with journalist of Tempo Timor (TT) at his office on Wednesday (17/04).

TT: Mr. Secretary of State, we would like to start with you. Was there any thought on your part to be a Secretary of State?

SEJ: No. There was never any thought to become a secretary of state. But the vision to contribute to this country, I do have. So starting from 2002 I only had  this vocation for training. I went to provide trainingacross the country and abroad, involving myself in civil society, including in national and international agencies. I love reading and writing. I had this passion to establish small NGOs to seek financing, and I loved working in the municipalities to know directly any problem that exists to find their solution.

Thank God, I can now take up this post (Secretary of State). This is a decision of nature, to strengthen  me even more. I'm happy to come  to SEFOPE because we have a very strong team.

TT: Mr. Secretary of State, you are a new generation leader, what is your thoughts when working together Prime Minister of TaurMatanRuak who is also a veteran?    

SEJ: I’m proud. I told the Prime Minister “Father, I'm  proud because I was not yet born when you started the fight for independence in the jungle, but now I fully support your mandate because presently you  command  me. You used  to command my father in clandestine era, but now you command me towards development, I’m your soldier, that is why I’m very happy working directly with you”.

When can we have more privileges like this, being able to work together with our senior leaders.Simply knowing is one thing, but getting guidance  to serve such as: “Julião, you shall not do this,” when we make mistakes he guides us, when can we have that kind of opportunity? So I think it's a great privilege to serve together with our senior leaders who are still alive.

When I accepted this position, Dr. Horta called me, gave me advice to accept and serve. Dr. Mari also called and gave me advice to serve.

I have always followed Dr. Horta, big brother Xanana, the current Prime Minister, the current President of the Republic, and other senior leaders’ thoughts through YouTube. Once a week, I listened to their remarks on videos, such as the remarks of the late Commander Daitula. I listened to them and took the interesting lessons for daily practice.

TT:Following your appointment as Secretary of State, what is your main program for SEFOPE?

SEJ: What I want to emphasize here, as I have said everywhere, we need to introduce and bring back the real vision of SEFOPE to the right track. SEFOPE’s real goal is a secretariat of state to train and empower people to become professional in order to access job market. We are going to prepare a qualified labor, meaning we want to have a better qualified and skilled worker for the future.

We all know that based on the last 10 years statistic data, unemployment in our country stands at 11%. We also know that each year universities produce graduates students more than 15,000, however unfortunately, of  this huge number only 10% are able to find job and 90% cannot find job or it is hard for them to do so.

The 8th Constitutional Government also has its policy to employ 60.000 young people annually. Of this number, SEFOPE will contribute 10%, which implies 6000 young people annually. SEFOPE must take these young people to access employment through SEFOPE’s own policy. 

After being sworn in June 2018 to this date, we try to elevate the quality of all training centers, such as Tibar training center and Becora Senai Center, including private training centers which have received accreditation from the National Institute of Labor Development (INDMO), an institution that is directly under SEFOPE authority, and further provide accreditation for certification.

We should improve the quality of training centers, because more than 30 training centers have been accredited and around 80 are applying for the accreditation process. Furthernore, we must also seek to provide support to the training center in order to increase the quality and skills of our people. When we talk about the quality of training center, it is not only about infrastructure but also involving training center trainees, support them with good quality facilities of based on proper available standards.

Our other policy underpinning our vision for the future is for training centers that will provide their training, it should be based on job demand. For example, we did a small research in municipality of Lautem, there each family has certificates in Administration and Computer courses, so complete. However, the market for these courses is relatively small. Employers need more people with skills in carpentry, hospitality, plumbing, bricklayer, but these skills are not widely available.

Currently, the Government is planning to have oil and gas pipeline coming to our shores. The investment has been made for Greater Sunrise, and soon they will start the construction of Tibar port. For the construction of these mega projects, how many bricklayers, carpenters are required? How many plumbers, how many electricians are needed?. Now when we train people in the training center, the goal should be to provide training based on job market demand so when they finish their training they are ready for employment.

The other thing is the Prime Minister Office has entrusted SEFOPE to establish the best training center in the South East Asia region. Thus, every year it should provide training to more than 15.000 Timorese to be skilled in the area where the demand is high. So we are now assessing, I hope this year we can initiate the construction, because we have identified the site, but not only this, the infrastructure that we are going to build must also has proper system to provide support to our trainees.

If this training center is in accordance with ASEAN quality, our people's quality should also base on this level. We already have this in mind. It is hoped that this year we will begin the construction and next year we can start putting the training center in full operation.

We also work closely with private training centers. Recently, we signed an agreement with international private training centers such as AISA, CONECTO and SOLS. In the near future, we will work together with other training centers so that they can help providing training to people, some will go in search for job market to accommodate potential job seekers. To prepare our labor force to access the labor market, we must work hard to improve the quality of our training centers.

TT: After assuming the post of Secretary of State for 11 months, what kind of work and achievement have you done?

SEJ: When we were sworn in and came here, I notice the data base system, we do have it but the quality is too low. We need to improve the data base. What is the data base? Since the 1st Government until 6th Government, we ask how many people have been trained? Where are they now? What do they do? We don’t have this information.

The data base is important to help our students and young people who were trained, so that when the investors come here and if they need carpenters, they can directly check in the data base system. They just simply click the data base because it is online, once they click it they will know how many carpenters are available in Timor-Leste, the number of levels, the number of skills, what level they are in. How many bricklayers available here, numbers of people trained in the area of hospitality, all this sort of data. So we are all here to improve the data base system.

The other thing is the program to send workers abroad. We know that in the 6th constitutional Government in 2012, an agreement was signed with the Government of Australia on a program called Seasonal Worker Program (SWP). We send our workers to work in Australia for six months. Starting in 2012, according to the data base, which we have, in maximum we have been sending 300 people annually. In our (SEJ Julião’s) mandate, we are sending more than 1,000 workers to work in Australia.

As you know, the first selection of the SW Program was conducted in Dili, however in our mandate we open opportunities for young people in the municipality, so recently we conducted selection in 13 municipalities. The list that I have, shows more than 30.000 people who have applied to SWP. All these young people have their Identity Card (B.I.) and more than 25.000 already have a passport, which is good because it shows many people in the villages are starting to look for job. Those who came from Kelikai and Baguia who before never knew, have actually participated in tests. Young people in FohoremSuai who never knew about this program, they came to do the test. We provide equal opportunity to everyone so that people feel that this system is being delivered to the rural areas for them to access.

In December last year I made a work visit to Australia to meet the Australian Government, held negotiation with them so that Timor-Leste could participate in a program called Pacific Labor Scheme (PLS). This program is only for countries that are part of Pacific region, we do the lobby to access the program and they are happy to accommodate us.

They sent one of their officials here and talked with Mr. Prime Minister. Recently, in the first week of April, we were able to sign the agreement approved by the Council of Ministers. We did not sign the agreement in Sydney to participate in PLS program in order to send our workers to work in Australia with a duration more than three years, instead we did it here. This is a progress that we have made. Every year they need more than 1000 workers.

TT: Mr. Secretary of State, can you explain the difference between PLS and SWP, and is there any other cooperation established by SEFOPE?

SEJ:The difference between PLS and SWP is that SWP comes with a duration of six months and we can send our non-skilled workers. However, with regard to PLS, we have to send medium-skilled workers. They must speak good English, if they are carpenters they must be certificated with standards course by accredited training centers. Therefore, given the requirement of the work, we need to better prepare our people.

We also signed an agreement with the Korean Government through KOICA to continue with the existent programs. Now the differences which we made in the past 10 years, the Government of Timor-Leste through SEFOPE has invested  an amount of $1.3 million per year for this course, but what happened?, There were 25.000 East Timorese trainees  who took the course, but only 20% who had the opportunity to work in South Korea. So 80% failed, and then only Koreans who teach the course.

We made changes last year. We established an agreement with them that saying "If you want to continue this program to support the Government of Timor-Leste. You should increase the number of quota. East Timorese who knows Korean language should be allowed to teach as well.” We reduced the $1.3 million fund, we cut 40 percent of it, only 60 percent of previous amount remains which implies only $800.000 to be used for the program.

There used to be only 25 students who participated in the language training. But there are now 3000 students actively participating in the training. Recently, more than 6000  have been competing, doing testing in GMT. Of these 6000 people, 3000 were selected, now they are doing training. We have five Timorese who have become teacher assistants and they are teaching as well, so in the future Timorese will take over in teaching the course because we have enough human resources for the purpose.

We have further negotiation with the Government of Japan. The Japanese Government is interested to bring our East Timorese workers to do On the Job Training in Japan. So our young people will go to work but also learning at the same time during their three years stay in Japan. However, we have not established an agreement for this initiative, our technical team  are working on how to make official the requirements or terms of reference between Timor-Leste and Japan, but it is hoped that this year we can have this agreement signed in order to initiate Japanese language training with proper standard applied in all municipalities.

We have also certified youths who finished their studies in the areas of electricity, maritime, and petroleum. A number of these young people under our responsibility have been certified so that they have the opportunity to work in large companies. Now we are providing training for young people from Viqueque municipality, particularly in Beasu where more than 30 people are participating in the training, getting them ready to work in Beasu LNG project.

We are designing a plan to prepare workers for the LNG and Greater Sunrise projects, which will come in the near future. They are trained on how to work offshore, how to work in mechanics, how to become bricklayers, electrician and etc.

Our other achievement is the recent signing of an agreement with Conoco Philips to collaborate in the future. Government of Canada approached to assist Timor-Leste in order to have this opportunity for Timorese workers to work in Canada using only Timorese passport. This year, Malaysia needs more than 30.000 Timorese workers. The job in demand is part of On the Job Training, meaning people work and learn during three years, but they also get paid for their work and once they come back here they are more experienced.

On May 29, we will open a training on how to drive heavy vehicles which take heavy loads (Alat Berat). We will provide training to for people to have driving skills of heavy vehicles such loader, excavator, asphalt paving vehicle, ten wheels truck and etc. We must provide training, otherwise people will only use foreign labor force. Many East Timorese know how to drive excavator but they don’t know how to do maintenance. The employers would say this worker is useless and gets fired, they then prefer and demand workers from Philippines and China. We train our people not to only know how to drive trucks but how to also do maintenance, so investors and employers are pleased with this quality level.

In the near future, we will speak with company that is constructing Tibar port to identify how many workers they need. We will talk to companies which will rehabilitate the Baucau airport, Comoro airport etc. We are preparing our people. Provide them with training. Not only this, we have also opened a training center in Oekusse to respond to our Oecusse new airport with international standards and also the ZEESM projects. Hospitality, tourism, all these small things we should have. We must employ our people, our people shall be our priority, get them with proper skills and ready to access labor market.

Tempotimor (Dili) - Kompaña aviasaun ida husi Portugal ho naran Seven Air iha hakarak atu loke eskola iha area pilotu iha Timor Leste.

Kompaña Seven Air hato'o sira-nia hakarak ba Ministru Transporte no Komunikasaun José Agustinho ne'ebé hala'o vizita serbisu ba Kompaña refere.

Ministru José dehan, kompañia Seven Air durante ne'e fó formasaun pilotu nian no formasaun tekniku aviaun nian.

Tempotimor (Dili): Oitavu Governu Konstitusional ne'ebé lidera husi Primeiru Ministru, Taur Matan Ruak, tuir planu sei halo retiru ba Orsamentu Jerál Estadu  (OJE) tinan fiskal 2020 nian, iha loron 28-29 Maiu, tinan ne'e.

Tempotimor (Dili)-Governu Aliansa Mudansa ba Progresu (AMP) ne’ebé lidera husi Primeiru Ministru Taur Matan Ruak halo hikas promesa atu loke kampu serbisu 60.00 ba joven sira.

Tempotimor (Dili) – Governu Timor-Leste, sei deve tan Banku Mundiál (BM) nia osan hamutuk millaun $59, atu halo reabilitasaun estrada Gleno-Hatubuiliku. 

Tempotimor (Dili) - Orsamentu ne'ebe atu utiliza ba konstrusaun edifisiu foun ba Polisia Nasionál Timor-Leste (PNTL) hamutuk tokon $10 hetan ona aprovasaun husi Governu.

Tempotimor (Dili) -  Komisaun Funsaun Públika (KFP) disemina informasaun kona-ba Rejime Jurídiku Gabinete Ministerial no Rejime Senior Profisional ba servidór estadu iha ministériu defeza.

Tempotimor (Dili) - Governu liuhusi Ministériu Administrasaun Estatál (MAE) halo ona segundu alterasaun ba dekretu lei númeru 3/2006 atu implementa polítika dezentralizasaun administrativa.

Mai ita akompana hamutuk diskursu furak hosi Primeiru-Ministru Taur Matan Ruak kompletu, iha karaik ne’e:

Ho onra boot maka ha’u, lori Governu Konstitusionál VIII nia naran, aprezenta ba Parlamentu Nasionál, kámara magna husi reprezentasaun demokrátika ita-nia Povu nian, proposta lei ne’ebé aprova Orsamentu Jerál Estadu no Orsamentu Seguransa Sosiál nian ba tinan 2020 ida-ne’e.

Iha oportunidade ida-ne’e, ha’u hakarak rekonhese no agradese esforsu hirak ne’ebé dirijente no funsionáriu sira administrasaun públika nian tomak hala’o ona, nune’e mós husi Exelénsias Senhores Membrus Governu no husi Ilustre Deputadu sira iha Parlamentu Nasionál, atubele prepara no viabiliza diskusaun proposta lei ne’ebé ohin hahú no ne’ebé ninia aprovasaun importante tebe-tebes ba funsionamentu di’ak husi ita-nia Administrasaun Públika no ba kreximentu husi ita-nia ekonomia nasionál. 

Nu’udar responsavel polítiku nasionál sira, ita hatene didi’ak no ita labele ignora konsekuénsia ladi’ak sira ne’ebé mosu ona husi períodu naruk ezekusaun orsamentál iha rejime duodesimál ba ita-nia ekonomia no ita hein katak sei labele akontese fali tan. 

Tanba konxiente kona-ba nesesidade ne’ebé urjente atu fó ba Estadu orsamentu ida ne’ebé bele responde ba ezijénsia sira husi ita-nia sosiedade no ita-nia ekonomia, no ho respeitu tomak ba kompeténsia konstitusionál sira Parlamentu Nasionál nian, maka Governu dada fila-fali ona proposta lei orsamentál ne’ebé aprezenta ona iha fulan-outubru liubá, no substitui proposta refere ho ida ne’ebé ohin submete ona hodi halo diskusaun. 

Desizaun atu dada fila-fali proposta lei orsamentál ba tinan 2020 nian anteriór no hodi reformula proposta ne’e tuir rekomendasaun sira ne’ebé aprova ona husi komisaun parlamentár oioin la’ós foti nune’e de’it no iha desizaun ne’e fó mós importánsia ba preokupasaun atu garante prezervasaun ba estabilidade polítika no aprovasaun Orsamentu Jerál Estadu ba tinan 2020, kompromisu sira ne’ebé asume ona iha tinan 2018 husi maioria Deputadu sira ne’ebé eleitu iha lejizlatura ida-ne’e no husi membru sira Governu Konstitusionál VIII nian iha eleisaun ne’ebé hala’o ona iha tinan 2018.

Tanba devér atu respeita ba kompromisu sira ne’ebé asume ona ba ita-nia Povu maka Governu dada fila-fali ona ninia proposta lei orsamentál no aprezenta ona proposta lejizlativa foun, ne’ebé bele simu preokupasaun sira husi Parlamentu Nasionál no bele hatán loloos ba ninia rekomendasaun sira. 

Iha kontestu internasionál ne’ebé la estavel no laiha serteza liután, preokupasaun ho estabilidade polítika no kriasaun kondisaun nasionál sira ba ambiente ida-ne’ebé favoravel ba kreximentu ekonómiku no ba moris-di’ak sosiál maka asume importánsia boot liután. 

Maske iha krítika no buat balun ne’ebé Senhores Deputadus barak halo ona identifika ona no hato’o ba Governu, no ha’u konsidera lejítimu iha kuadru debate polítiku ne’ebé onestu no demokrátiku, ha’u labele husik hodi manifesta ha’u-nia satisfasaun no orgullu ba rezultadu barak ne’ebé Governu ne’e alkansa ona durante tinan fiskál ne’ebé foin remata ona.

Tanba ne’e, no maske limitasaun ne’ebé mosu tanba membru Governu Konstitusionál VIII seidauk hetan nomeasaun no pose hotu husi Senhor Prezidente Repúblika, situasaun polítika ne’ebé laiha paralelu iha momentu sira uluk husi ita-nia istória, no ne’ebé kauza obstákulu boot tebes ba asaun governativa, maske nune’e, ita bele haree sinál sira rekuperasaun no aselerasaun ba kreximentu ekonómiku, liuliu liuhusi konstatasaun ba kreximentu PIB reál naun petrolíferu, ne’ebé ita prevee besik 4% (pursentu haat) iha tinan 2019 no besik 6% (pursentu neen) ba tinan 2020 ida-ne’e. 

Rezultadu hirak ne’e la’ós resultado ne’ebé la iha importánsia karik ita haree katak iha tinan 2017 no 2018 PIB reál naun petrolíferu maka, maizumenus -3,8% (menus tolu vírgula porsentu ualu) no -0,8% (menus zeru vírgula porsentu ualu).

Nune’e, kreximentu husi Produtu Internu Brutu (PIB) real naun petrolíferu iha tinan 2019 maka ida-ne’ebé boot liu ne’ebé maka rejista ona dezde tinan 2014, bainhira atinje tiha 4,5% (porsentu haat vírgula lima), ka bele dehan katak, ida-ne’ebé boot liu iha besik tinan lima ikus ne’e nia laran. 

Ba kreximentu ne’ebé maka rejista ona, aumentu husi konsumu públiku no konsumu privadu kontribui maka’as, no ami prevee katak, iha tinan 2019, konsumu públiku reprezenta kuaze US$ millaun 971 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus sia hitunulu-resin-ida) no konsumu privadu reprezenta kuaze US$ millaun 1.054 (dolar amerikanu millaun rihun ida limanulu-resin-haat).

Kompara ho tinan hirak liubá, bele haree katak valór husi konsumu públiku no privadu, ne’ebé mak prevee ba iha finál 2019 nian, maka konsumu hirak ne’ebé boot liu, ne’ebé rejista dezde tinan 2016 no reprezenta ona, kompara ho 2018, kreximentu ida kuaze US$ millaun 124 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus ida ruanulu-resin-haat).

Investimentu ne’e mós kontribui ona, ho forma pozitiva, ba kreximentu husi ita-nia Produtu Internu Brutu (PIB) real, no ita prevee katak iha 2019 investimentu sei reprezenta kuaze US$ millaun 544 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus lima haatnulu-resin-haat), no husi valór ida-ne’e, US$ millaun 147 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus ida haatnulu-resin-hitu) refere ba investimentu privadu no US$ millaun 397 (dolar amerikanu atus tolu sianulu-resin-hitu) refere ba investimentu públiku. 

Valór totál husi investimentu ne’ebé prevee, ne’ebé halo tiha ona durante tinan 2019 ninia valór hanesan ho sira ne’ebé maka rejista ona iha 2017, dook husi US$ millaun 653 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus neen limanulu-resin-tolu) ne’ebé investe ona iha 2016

Maske nune’e, no detalle ida-ne’e relevante tebes, investimentu públiku iha 2016 hamutuk maka totál US$ millaun 527 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus lima ruanulu-resin-hitu) ne’ebé maka reprezenta kuaze 80,7% (porsentu ualunulu vírgula hitu) husi valór totál investimentu nian, no investimentu privadu fixa ona iha US$ millaun 126 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus ida ruanulu-resin-neen), ne’ebé maka reprezenta maizumenus porsentu 19,3% (porsentu sanulu-resin-sai vírgula tolu) husi valór totál investimentu nian.

Maibé, durante tinan ikus ne’e, investimentu privadu sa’e, kompara ho tinan 2016, kuaze US$ millaun 21 (dolar amerikanu millaun ruanulu-resin-ida), ne’ebé reprezenta kuaze 27% (porsentu ruanulu-resin-hitu) husi valór totál investimentu ne’ebé hala’o ita-nia ekonomia. Ida-ne’e hakarak hatete katak, iha sorin ida, kreximentu husi investimentu privadu, kompara ho tinan 2016, reprezenta kuaze US$ millaun 20 (dolar amerikanu millaun ruanulu), iha sorin seluk, kompara ho tinan 2018, kreximentu husi investimentu privadu estimadu maizumenus US$ millaun 77 (dolar amerikanu millaun hitunulu-resin-hitu).

Aleinde kontribui pozitivamente ba kreximentu husi ita-nia Produtu Internu Brutu (PIB) real, evolusaun pozitiva ne’ebé rejista ona iha nivel konsumu privadu no investimentu privadu reflete mós konfiansa ne’ebé maka família no empreza sira iha ba ita-nia ekonomia no ba kontinuasaun husi kreximentu ekonomia ne’e rasik. 

Maske sinál no rezultadu pozitivu sira ne’ebé maka ha’u iha oportunidade atu hato’o, Governu hanoin katak iha nesesidade atu adota medida hirak-ne’ebé dudu ita-nia setór esportadór, hodi garante katak setór ne’e sai importante liután ba ita-nia Produtu Internu Brutu (PIB) real.

Maske rezultadu pozitivu sira ne’ebé alkansa ona iha domíniu investimentu privadu nian, Governu hatene katak Estadu kontinua sai implusionadór prinsipál ba kreximentu no dezenvolvimentu ekonómiku, no katak Estadu sei kontinua hanesan responsavel hodi asegura asesu ba justisa, ba inkluzaun sosiál, ba dame no toleránsia, ba protesaun ba grupu sosiál sira ne’ebé vulneravel liu, ba igualdade oportunidades no ba igualdade jéneru nian.

Governu, tanba iha determinasaun boot atu kumpre obrigasaun polítika no konstitusionál sira ne’ebé kompete ba Estadu, hakarak fó kontinuidade ba ezekusaun Planu Estratéjiku Dezenvolvimentu PED tinan 2011-2030 no ba Roteiru 2030 kona-ba implementasaun Objetivu Dezenvolvimentu Sustentavel (ODS), hodi mobiliza, ba efeitu ne’e, setór sira ne’ebé dinámiku liu husi ita-nia sosiedade, no mós hodi kumpre meta sira ne’ebé Governu propoin iha ninia Programa ba lejizlatura ne’e, atubele alkansa dezenvolvimentu no moris-di’ak populasaun nian sira.  

Governu hatene katak implementasaun husi estratéjia sira ne’ebé prevee iha dokumentu hirak-ne’e, no konkretizasaun husi objetivu sira ne’ebé defende iha dokumentu sira-ne’e, depende, liuliu, ba vontade polítika órgaun soberania sira nian. Maibé, iha konviksaun katak susesu implementasaun ne’e sei depende mós ba mobilizasaun husi ita-nia sidadaun sira, husi ita-nia komunidade lokál sira no husi ita-nia empreza sira. 

Konstrusaun nasaun ida ne’ebé próspera, justa no perfeita liután depende ba ita-nia kapasidade atu envolve maka’as liután iha prosesu dezenvolvimentu nasionál nian ne’ebé la’o hela, maibé depende mós husi kapasidade ne’ebé ita iha hodi envolve sidadaun hotu-hotu iha prosesu ne’e, hodi garante katak laiha timoroan ida maka husik ba kotuk iha asesu ba benefísiu sira ne’ebé fó husi dezenvolvimentu ita-nia rai doben, maibé mós katak laiha ema ida mak eskluidu husi responsabilidade atu ajuda harii ita-nia Repúblika ne’e nia prezente no nia futuru.

Ho de’it esforsu husi ema hotu no ho fahe rezultadu ba ema hotu de’it, mak ita bele mehi hodi harii nasaun ida ne’ebé rika, próspera, metin no fraterna liután, ne’ebé bele valoriza potensiál ida-ne’ebé mak importante liu ne’ebé nasaun ne’e iha, maka ninia sidadaun sira.

Tanba ne’e, importante tebes ba ita atu kontinua haree liu ba iha valorizasaun potensiál umanu husi ita-nia Povu, hodi reforsa nia nivel literasia no hodi aumenta nia kompeténsia profisionál sira, atu nune’e hasae ninia oportunidade hodi konkista serbisu ne’ebé dignu.

Importante mós, atu hasa’e setór privadu no kooperativu sira, liuliu ninia kapasidade investimentu nian no kriasaun rikeza, liuliu liuhusi asesu ba kréditu ida-ne’ebé fasil liu, hodi halo ninia dinámika sei la depende liu ba despeza públika no hodi hasa’e ninia kapasidade kriasaun empregu ne’ebé barak no di’ak liután, liuliu ba jerasaun foun Timor nian, ne’ebé maske kualifikada no kompetente liu, ne’ebé hasoru problema boot tebes, maka dezempregu.  

Presiza mak atu reforsa koezaun husi ita-nia territóriu, hodi hamenus diferensa ne’ebé eziste entre meiu rurál no meiu urbanu no entre sidade Dili no munisípiu sira seluk ita-nia nasaun nian, hodi garante asesu sidadaun hotu-hotu nian ba benefísiu sira husi kreximentu no dezenvolvimentu ekonómiku, la haree ba sira ho sira-nia família hela iha ne’ebé, no hodi kria kondisaun ba sira rasik, liuhusi sira nia serbisu ka sira nia negósiu, bele kontribui ba kreximentu rikeza nasaun nian.

Urjente tebes atu hametin meiu apoiu no protesaun sosiál sira ba grupu sosialmente vulneravel tebes, ho hanoin atu garante no promove dignidade ba timoroan sira hotu ne’ebé, tanba limitasaun fízika, kognitiva ka tanba idade avansada, laiha kapasidade atu fornese sira-nia meiu subsisténsia rasik ho kondisaun ne’ebé satisfatória. 

Governu hatene duni katak ita-nia povu ezije intervensaun determinada husi ita-nia parte ne’ebé, liuhusi orsamentu ida ne’ebé realista, bele permite atu foti asaun ne’ebé bele hatán ba objetivu ne’ebé labele adia tan no, ho forma hanesan, bele hatán ba problema ne’ebé sidadaun sira sente, kona-ba asesu ba bee moos no saneamentu, via komunikasaun ne’ebé maka di’ak liu, estabelesimentu sira ba prestasaun kuidadu saúde ne’ebé di’ak-liu no estabelesimentu eskolár no pré-eskolár sira ne’ebé di’ak-liu, nune’e mós kona-ba asesu ba oportunidade empregu ka negósiu ne’ebé boot no di’ak-liu. 

Nune’e, no atu armoniza nesesidade hodi hatán ba nesesidade urjente ita-nia povu nian ho nesesidade atu garante respeitu ba rekomendasaun sira ne’ebé maka komisaun parlamentár oioin formula ona relasiona ho proposta orsamentál ba tinan 2020 nian, Governu aprezenta ona, ba diskusaun no aprovasaun husi Parlamentu Nasionál, proposta Orsamentu Jerál Estadu ida ba tinan 2020 nian ho despeza estimada hamutuk US$ millaun 1.668 (dolar amerikanu millaun rihun ida atus neen neenulu-resun-ualu) no reseita estimada hamutuk dolar US$ millaun 1.765 (dolar amerikanu millaun rihun ida atus hitu neenulu-resin-lima)

Relasiona ho orsamentu despeza nian, Governu propoin ba Parlamentu Nasionál katak husi US$ millaun 1.668 (dolar amerikanu millaun rihun ida atus neen neenulu-resin-ualu): dolar US$ millaun 235,6 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus rua tolunulu-resin lima, rihun atus neen) sei aloka ba kategoria “salárius no vensimentus”; US$ millaun 582,3 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus lima ualunulu-resin-rua, rihun atus tolu) sei aloka ba kategoria “Beins no Servisus”; US$ millaun 329,7 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus tolu ruanulu-resin-sia, rihun atus hitu) sei aloka ba kategoria “Transferénsias Públikas”; US$ millaun 31,5 (dolar amerikanu millaun tolunulu-resin-dai, rihun atus hitu) sei aloka ba kategoria “Kapitál Menor”; no US$ millaun 488,8 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus haat ualunulu-resin-ualu, rihun atus ualu) sei aloka ba kategoria “Kapitál Dezenvolvimentu”.

Relasiona ho orsamentu reseita nian, Governu hakarak atu hetan autorizasaun husi Parlamentu Nasionál atu transfere osan ho montante US$ millaun 996,5 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus sia sianulu-resin-neen, rihun atus lima) husi Fundu Petrolíferu ba konta Orsamentu Estadu nian, no husi valór sira-ne’e, US$ millaun 536,8 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus lima tolunulu-resin-neen, rihun atus ualu) la ultrapasa Rendimentu Sustentavel Estimadu (RSE) ba fundu ne’e, no US$ millaun 459,7 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus haat limanulu-resin-sia, rihun atus hitu) ne’ebé sei transfere aas liu husi Rendimentu Sustentavel Estimadu (RSE).

Maibé, ha’u hakarak asegura katak montante transferénsia husi fundu petrolíferu aas liu husi Rendimentu Sustentavel Estimadu (RSE), menus duke montante despeza kategorizada hanesan “Kapitál Dezenvolvimentu”, ne’ebé relasiona ho investimentu sira ba tempu naruk, ne’ebé bele hatán ba nesesidade infraestrutura país nian, la’ós de’it ba jerasaun timoroan atuál, maibé mós ba jerasaun futura sira nian, nune’e mós ba nesesidade dinamizasaun no diversifikasaun ekonómika país nian ba médiu no prazu naruk.

Kona mós ba orsamentu reseita nian, Governu prevee atu simu US$ millaun 433,9 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus-haat tolunulu-resin-tolu, rihun atus-sia) husi reseita la’ós-petrolífera; US$ millaun 7,5 (dolar amerikanu millaun hitu, rihun atus-lima) husi doasaun; no US$ millaun 73 (dolar amerikanu millaun hitunulu-resin-tolu) husi rezultadu kontratasaun empréstimu nian sira.

Ikusliu, no ho konsiderasaun katak grau ezekusaun husi Orsamentu Jerál Estadu liubá, ne’ebé atinje ona 88,2% (porsentu ualunulu-resin-ualu vírgula rua), Governu prevee katak sei transfere ba orsamentu foun, saldu hamutuk US$ millaun 254,3 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus-rua limanulu-resin-haat, rihun atus-tolu).

Proposta orsamentál ne’ebé sai hanesan objetu debate ne’ebé ohin hahú, bazeia ba dokumentu ne’ebé aprezenta ona ba Parlamentu Nasionál, iha loron 15 fulan-outubru tinan 2019, no ajusta ona tuir rekomendasaun sira ne’ebé jenerikamente formula ona husi komisaun parlamentár oioin kona-ba proposta orsamentu ne’ebá nian, durante fulan-outubru no fulan-novembru liubá. 

Hanesan iha okaziaun liubá, ha’u iha oportunidade atu hateten ba Kámara ida-ne’e, katak kaer ukun nu’udar ezersísiu ida rasik ne’ebé kompleksu no ezijente, ne’ebé obriga responsavel públiku sira hodi fotu desizaun sira, liuliu desizaun sira ne’ebé liga ho uzu osan públiku nian, ne’ebé maske la satisfás ema hotu nia hakarak, tenke buka atu serve interese públiku ka interese jerál ita-nia Komunidade Nasionál.

Atu halo-tuir entendimentu ida-ne’e, no atu atinje meta no objetivu sira ne’ebé trasa ona iha nia Programa ba lejizlatura ida-ne’e, maka Governu estabelese ona, ba tinan fiskál ne’e, prioridade ka eixu estratéjiku sira asaun nian hamutuk lima, matadalan ba desizaun nian kona-ba alokasaun rekursu sira, atubele hala’o investimentu públiku sira, liuliu: (1) kapitál sosiál – moris-di’ak sosiál, protesaun sosiál no sidadania; (2) dezenvolvimentu ekonómiku – investimentu iha ekonomia no finansas públikas nasaun nian; (3) melloria konektividade nasionál; (4) konsolidasaun no reforsu kona-ba defeza, seguransa no relasoins esternas; (5) konsolidasaun no reforsu kona-ba justisa, demokrasia no direitus umanus. 

Entre medida orsamentál sira ne’ebé Governu propoin ba Parlamentu Nasionál ba tinan fiskál ne’e, kona-ba kapitál sosiál – moris-di’ak sosiál, protesaun sosiál no sidadania, onra ida mai ha’u atubele destaka alokasaun hamutuk:

  • US$ millaun 4,9 (dolar amerikanu millaun haat, rihun atus-sia) ne’ebé destina ba akizisaun medikamentu sira hodi hadi’a kualidade servisu saúde nian sira, ne’ebé presta iha nasaun ne’e;
  • US$ millaun 91,4 (dolar amerikanu millaun sianulu-resin-ida, rihun atus-haat) ne’ebé destina ba pagamentu pensaun sira no harii uma ba veteranu sira;
  • US$ millaun 41,3 (dolar amerikanu millaun haatnulu-resin-ida, rihun atus-tolu) ne’ebé destina atu selu responsabilidade sira Estadu nian ne’ebé liga ba rejime kontributivu no naun-kontributivu;
  • US$ millaun 15,2 (dolar amerikanu millaun sanulu-resin-lima, rihun atus-rua) ne’ebé destina ba provizaun kona-ba pensaun sira ba funsionáriu públiku efetivu sira ho rejime kontributivu;
  • US$ millaun 4,3 (dolar amerikanu millaun haat, rihun atus-tolu) ne’ebé destina atu fó apoiu ba eventu desportivu no atividade oin-oin ba foin-sa’e sira durante tinan ne’e nia laran;
  • US$ rihun 800,000 (dolar amerikanu rihun atus-ualu) ne’ebé destina ba atribuisaun subsídiu sira ba eskola privada no eskola C.A.F.E. sira;
  • US$ rihun 500,000 (dolar amerikanu rihun atus-lima) ne’ebé destina ba programa sira empregu nian;
  • US$ millaun 3,2 (dolar amerikanu millaun tolu, rihun atus-rua) ne’ebé destina hodi hola meza, kadeira no komputadór sira ba eskola hotu-hotu.
  • US$ millaun 1,7 (dolar amerikanu millaun ida, rihun atus-hitu) ne’ebé destina hodi hola ambulánsia sira, veíkulu polivalente no veíkulu operasionál sira atu apoia atividade monitorizasaun no avaliasaun nian, 
  • US$ millaun 61 (dolar amerikanu millaun neenulu-resin-ida) ne’ebé destina ba konstrusaun postu saúde no klínika sira.

Entre medida orsamentál sira ne’ebé Governu propoin ba Parlamentu Nasionál ba tinan fiskál ida-ne’e, kona-ba dezenvolvimentu ekonómiku – investimentu ekonomia no finansas públikas país nian, ha’u sei destaka alokasaun hamutuk:

  • US$ millaun 166,4 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus ida neenulu-resin neen, rihun atus haat) ne’ebé destina hodi selu kombustivel no manutensaun jeradór elétriku sira iha Hera no Betanu, no ne’ebé inklui manutensaun ba torre tranzmisaun elétrika no ba subestasaun iha lokalizasaun esensiál hitu;
  • US$ millaun 2,1 (dolar amerikanu millaun rua, rihun atus ida) ne’ebé destina ba partisipasaun Timor-Leste nian iha Expo Dubai;
  • US$ millaun 1 (dolar amerikanu millaun ida) ne’ebé destina ba Eventu Internasionál husi Komunidade País Lian Portugés (CPLP) no ba edisaun dasanuluk-resin-rua husi Jogu Desportivu CPLP nian ne’ebé sei realiza iha tinan 2020 iha Timor-Leste; 
  • US$ millaun 63,8 (dolar amerikanu millaun neenulu-resin tolu, rihun atus ualu) ne’ebé destina atu investe iha dezenvolvimentu Timor Gap nian;
  • US$ millaun 22,6 (dolar amerikanu millaun ruanulu-resin-rua, rihun atus neen) ne’ebé destina hodi fó apoiu ba Autoridade Nasionál Petróleu no Minerais (ANPM), Timor Gap no Institutu Petróleu no Jeolojia (IPG), atu nune’e bele asegura katak Timor-Leste benefisia másimu husi ninia rekursus naturais rasik;
  • US$ millaun 4,0 (dolar amerikanu millaun haat) ne’ebé destina atu rekapitaliza Banku Sentrál Timor-Leste (BCTL) no atu selu taxa servisu husi banku ne’e;
  • US$ millaun 1 (dolar amerikanu millaun ida) ne’ebé destina atu rekapitaliza Banku Nasionál Komérsiu Timor-Leste;
  • US$ millaun 1 (dolar amerikanu millaun ida) ne’ebé destina hodi fó subsídiu ba grupu kooperativa sira;
  • US$ 250,000 (dolar amerikanu rihun atus rua, limanulu) ne’ebé destina hodi apoia kapitál ba feto rurál sira ho objetivu hodi promove emprezariadu femininu;
  • US$ millaun 4,0 (dolar amerikanu millaun haat) ne’ebé destina hodi sosa ekipamentu informátiku ba sentru back-up dadus nian ida, ekipamentu raiu-X no detetór metál sira;
  • US$ millaun 3,4 (dolar amerikanu millaun tolu, rihun atus haat) ne’ebé destina hodi sosa veíkulu pezadu sira;
  • US$ millaun 238,3 (dolar amerikanu millaun atus rua tolunulu-resin ualu, rihun atus tolu) ne’ebé destina ba Fundu Infraestrutura, liuliu, ba konstrusaun sentru formasaun exelénsia ida.

Entre medida orsamentál sira ne’ebé Governu propoin ba Parlamentu Nasionál ba tinan fiskál ida-ne’e, kona-ba melloria konektividade nasionál, ho onra, ha’u sei destaka alokasaun ne’e hamutuk:

  • US$ millaun 31,1 (dolar amerikanu millaun tolunulu-resin-ida, rihun atus ida) ne’ebé destina ba fundu kontrapartidas, ne’ebé inklui despeza sira atu sosa naviu sira hodi patrulla fronetira marítima sira no sosa ferry Nakroma II;
  • US$ millaun 3,0 (dolar amerikanu millaun tolu) ne’ebé destina ba provizaun foun sira ba aviasaun sivíl.

Entre medida orsamentál sira ne’ebé Governu propoin ba Parlamentu Nasionál ba tinan fiskál ida-ne’e, kona-ba konsolidasaun no reforsu ba defeza, seguransa no relasaun esterna sira, ha’u sei destaka alokasaun hamutuk:

  • US$ millaun 2,8 (dolar amerikanu millaun rua, rihun atus ualu) ne’ebé destina ba pagamentu kuota iha instituisaun internasionál sira;
  • US$ millaun 1,5 (dolar amerikanu millaun ida, rihun atus lima) ne’ebé destina ba sekretariadu G7+ nian;
  • US$ rihun 800,000 (dolar amerikanu rihun atus ualu) ne’ebé destina hodi fó apoiu finanseiru internasionál;
  • US$ millaun 1,8 (dolar amerikanu millaun ida, rihun atus ualu) ne’ebé destina atu sosa ekipamentu sira protesaun no komunikasaun nian ba Ministériu Defeza nian;
  • US$ rihun 800,000 (dolar amerikanu rihun atus ualu) ne’ebé destina atu sosa ekipamentu protesaun nian ba Polísia Nasionál Timor-Leste;
  • US$ rihun 900,000 (dolar amerikanu rihun atus sia) ne’ebé destina ba rekrutamentu membru foun 600 (atus neen) ba Forsa Defeza Timor-Leste (F-FDTL). 

Ikus-liu, entre medida orsamentál sira ne’ebé Governu propoin ba Parlamentu Nasionál ba tinan fiskál ne’e, kona-ba konsolidasaun no reforsu justisa, demokrasia no direitus umanus, ha’u iha onra atu destaka alokasaun hamutuk:

  • US$ millaun 6,0 (dolar amerikanu millaun neen) ne’ebé destina atu fó subsídiu ba partidu polítiku sira no nune’e kontinua hakbiit prosesu demokrátiku iha Timor-Leste;
  • US$ millaun 4,0 (dolar amerikanu millaun haat) ne’ebé destina ba konstrusaun igreja Bekora no Aimutin, nune’e mós ba Templu Protestante sira, no mós, atu fó apoiu ba Organizasaun Naun Governamentál sira (ONG); 
  • US$ millaun 1,7 (dolar amerikanu millaun ida, rihun atus-hitu) ne’ebé destina atu fó subsídiu ba Radiotelevizaun Timor-leste (RTTL) no ba Tatoli - Ajénsia Notisioza Timor-Leste.

Ha’u hakarak aproveita biban ida-ne’e atu apela mós ba apoiu Parlamentu Nasionál ba medida orsamentál sira ne’ebé Governu propoin kona-ba atu hakle’an prosesu desentralizasaun administrativa, liuhusi alokasaun hamutuk:

  • US$ millaun 3,0 (dolar amerikanu millaun tolu) ne’ebé destina atu prienxe vaga sira ne’ebé ezistente iha mapa pesoál husi Autoridade Munisipál no Administrasaun munisipál sira; no hamutu. 
  • US$ millaun 9,4 (dolar amerikanu millaun sia, rihun atus haat) ne’ebé destina atu fó apoiu ba projetu oin-oin ne’ebé Autoridade Munisipál no Administrasaun Munisipál sira promove, liuliu iha ámbitu Planu Dezenvolvimentu Integradu Munisipál (PDIM).

Governu kontinua halo tuir kompromisu polítiku no konstitusionál atu implementa desentralizasaun administrativa, no, ba ida-ne’e, define ona kalendáriu ida, iha ne’ebé prevee katak durante tinan ne’e sei hahú prosesu avaliasaun ida kona-ba ezisténsia kondisaun mínima atu estabelese autarkia munisipál sira.

Medida orsamentál sira ne’ebé ha’u foin hato’o ho forma badak reflete loloos esforsu ne’ebé Governu halo ona atu dezenvolve proposta orsamentál ida ba tinan fiskál ne’e, ne’ebé bele estabelese ekilíbriu nesesáriu no kompromisu entre kumprimentu ba objetivu programátiku sira no, iha tempu hanesan, fó atensaun loloos ba preokupasaun sira Parlamentu Nasionál nian kona-ba sustentabilidade husi fundu petrolíferu no kualidade despeza públika nian.

Loos duni katak, Governu hakarak atu hetan rekursu finanseiru sira ne’ebé boot liu, atubele iha kapasidade ida ne’ebé boot liu hodi promove moris-di’ak no kualidade moris husi família timóroan sira, no mós atu dinamiza ita-nia setór produtivu nasionál. Maibé, konxiente kona-ba importánsia atu fó orsamentu ida ba Estadu, ne’ebé bele garante ninia atividade finanseira, ho tempu ne’ebé lais no posivel, Governu hato’o proposta orsamentál ida-ne’ebé konservadora liu, ho konviksaun katak, bele hatán ba nesesidade imediata sira iha ita-nia setór ekonómiku no sosiál no sei halibur kondisaun hirak ne’ebé nesesária atu hetan aprovasaun husi Parlamentu Nasionál no promulgasaun husi Prezidente Repúblika.

Hanesan baibain, dokumentu ne’ebé ohin ha’u, ho onra boot, hato’o ba imi, Exelénsia sira, maka dokumentu ida ne’ebé bele hadi’a no aperfeisoa, prosesu sira-ne’ebé bele alkansa de’it liuhusi diálogu ida ne’ebé pozitivu no produtivu entre Membru sira husi ha’u-nia Governu no ilustres Deputadus Parlamentu Nasionál sira hotu, durante loron hirak tuirmai.  

Ha’u fiar-metin nafatin katak, Governu no Parlamentu, hamutuk, sei bele debate no hetan solusaun konkreta sira hodi hatán ba problema reál sira husi ita-nia sidadaun sira, hodi impulsiona ita-nia ekonomia no hodi konsolida ita-nia demokrasia.

Hanesan iha tempu uluk, liuhusi uniaun no mobilizasaun Timoroan hotu-hotu de’it maka ita bele manán dezafiu dezenvolvimentu nian no husik hela ba jerasaun sira tuirmai Nasaun ida ne’ebé próspera, justa no solidária ba Timoroan sira hotu.

Ba Timor-Leste ida-ne’ebé modernu, dezenvolvidu no prósperu liután!

Na’i Maromak haraik bénsaun mai ita-hotu!

Obrigadu barak.

 

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