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Maliana Childen Advocating for Safe Schools

Publika iha Nasional

 

by Natasha Cleary and Janella Nelson 

Tempo Timor - In Timor-Leste many children continue to face violence and other degrading forms of punishment from teachers in schools, despite the Ministry of Education’s so-called zero tolerance against corporal punishment policy. 

Children have the right to learn in a physically and emotionally safe environment that is conducive to learning. However, evaluations by the Child Rights Commission have found that children in Timorese schools are beaten with rulers, sticks, hands and forced to kneel or fetch water for infractions such as coming late to class or not doing their homework. 

Staff of ChildFund have observed children being forced to kneel in the hot midday sun for more than 30 minutes for coming late to school. Another young boy was forced to balance on one leg, with one arm in the air while reading from a book. His crime was missing a day of school. 

These forms of violence, which can be physical or psychological, can prevent children from learning and staying in school. Evidence shows that corporal punishment by educators increases dropout rates and perpetuates a cycle of violence. 

ChildFund Timor-Leste is committed to contributing to a world where every child is free from violence and exploitation. The international NGO supports children in exercising their rights and work to create environments where children can not only participate as advocates against violence but also lead efforts.

In Maliana, ChildFund’s Children Against Violence program has prioritized the push for a stronger legal framework prohibiting violence against children in schools, as well as community-based awareness activities. Students have created their own advocacy groups, which have conducted research on violence against children; group members have used this research to advocate for a national policy forbidding corporal punishment in school. A cadre of young advocates has grown out of the groups, and they promote the protection of children’s rights, as well as the education of teachers and parents about positive discipline practices.

 

Students, parents and teachers need to work together to tackle all types of violence in schools, and one essential step is to provide support to children so they can raise their voices about this issue and make schools truly safe.

Dili, 10 Setembru 2015 – Tuir komunikadu de Imprensa ne'ebe fo sai husi Departamentu Komunikasaun Social.Ministeiru Negosiu Estranjeiru no Kooperasaun ninian informa katak Vise-Ministru Negósiu Estranjeiru no Koperasaun Timor-Leste (MNEK), Roberto Soares, dehan Timor-Leste nu’udar Estadu kosteiru,maka tasi ne’ebé haleu Timor-Leste no rekursu ne’ebé iha tasi laran importante tebes atu apoio dezenvolvimentu ekonomiku rai no povo nian moris diak. Tamba ne’e Timor-Leste nian pozisaun ba rezolusaun fronteira maritima sempre bazeia ba direito internasional hanesan Konvensaun Nasõens Unidas konabá Direito Tasi nian ka UNCLOS 1982.

 

“Povo Timor-Leste fó importansia bo’ot bá fronteira maritima permanente nu’udar pasu ida atu assegura nian soberania tomak hanesan Estadu independente ida. Atu trata rezolusaun ba fronteira maritima, ami nian pozisaun atu negosia kualker disputa potensial ida sempre bazeia ba direito internasional hanesan Konvensaun Nasõens Unidas konabá Direito Tasi nian ka UNCLOS 1982,”dehan Vise-Ministru Roberto Soares. 

 

Nota Imprensa ne'e hatoo lia dehan Vise-MNEK haola parte iha sorumutuk ne'ebe hala'o iha loron 7 – 11 Setembru 2015, reprezenta Primeiru-Ministru Rui Maria de Araújo, lidera delegasaun Timor-Leste hodi partisipa iha Forum Ilha Pasifika sira ka PIF (Pacific Islands Forum) ba dala-46, iha Port Moresby, Papua Nova Guiné.

 

Tinan-tinan, ulun bo’ot hosi Ilha Pasifiku sira halao sorumutu atu dezenvolve koperasaun koletiva hodi responde ba kestaun rejional sira. Tema sentral hosi fórum tinan ida ne’e, ne’ebé lidera hosi Primeiru Ministru Estadu Independente Papua Nova Guiné, Petter O’Neil, koalia konabá “haforsa ligasaun hodi habo’ot rejionalismu pasifiku.”

 

Komunikadu refere hatutan katak Sekuensia hosi fórum ne’e hahu ho sorumutu entre ulun bo’ot hosi Estadu ilha ki’ik  sira pasifiku nian iha loron 07 Setembru 2015, sorumutu entre ulun bo’ot Azia, Karibia no Pasifiku sira (ACP) no abertura ofisial hosi Fórum Ilha Pasifiku sira ba dala-46 iha loron 08 Setembru 2015, hafoin kontinua ho sessaun plenaria iha loron 09 Setembru 2015, retiru entre ulun bo’ot sira Fórum Ilha Pasifiku nian iha loron 10 Setembru 2015 no Sesaun Plenaria Pós-Fórum Dialogu Parseiru sira ba dala-27 iha loron 11 Setembru 2015.   

 

Iha nian diskursu durante sessaun plenaria Fórum Ilha Pasifiku sira ba dala-46, Vise-Ministru Negósiu Estranjeiru no Koperasaun, Roberto Soares, hato’o katak iha kontestu global, mundo oras ne’e hasoru dezafiu barak hahu hosi dezafiu tradisional to laos traditional nian, hanesan violensia ne’ebé akontese iha Medio Oriente hodi hamosu exodu bo’ot ba kontinente europeia, tensaun ne’ebé sae iha Azia Pasifiku, pobreza extrema, konflitu global no ameasa bo’ot hosi mudansa klimatika. Vise-Ministru Roberto Soares akresenta katak mentalidade Guerra Fria oras ne’e infeta relasõens internasionais tamba rai sira atua tuir interese ida-idak nian, trata no konsidera malu nudar adversariu duke servisu hamutuk ba ema barak nian diak. 

 

Hare ba situasaun hirak ne’e mak Timor-Leste konsidera katak Fórum Ilha Pasifiku sira bele sai hanesan modelu involvimentu internasional ne’ebé bele hamosu esperansa tamba Fórum ne’e rasik lori nasaun barak hamutuk nudar parseiru hodi hare konabá dezafiu no oportunidade ne’ebé iha no bele habelar lian hosi Estadu ilha ki’ik sira iha mundu ne’ebé kompetitivu liu.

 

Iha involvimentu global, Vise-Ministru Roberto Soares hato’o katak Timor-Leste oras ne’e servisu atu haforsa no hametin koperasaun internasional. Timor-Leste iha dalan klaran lidera CPLP to wainhira Brazil assume hikas fali iha tinan 2016. Timor-Leste mos oras ne’e iha prosessu atu sai membru ASEAN. Timor-Leste no Papua Nova Guiné maka rai rua ne’ebé iha papel atu sai nudar ponte entre ASEAN no Pasifiku. 

 

Hare bá prinsipiu ida ne’e, Timor-Leste kontinua manifesta nian solidariedade bo’ot, kompromisu no apoio ba tema sentral hosi Fórum Ilha Pasifiku sira ba dala-46 ne’e. 

 

“Timor-Leste nian hare katak estrutura rejionalismu pasifiku nian fó espasu bo’ot ba interasaun entre sosiedade no governu iha nivel hotu-hotu, liu-liu papel seitor privadu hodi dezenvolve perspetiva dezenvolvimentu sosio-ekonomiku, habelar oportunidade merkadu, hadiak prestasaun servisu, kontribui ba seguransa no governasaun diak bá povo Pasifiku no rejiaun tomak,” akresenta Vise-Ministru Roberto Soares. 

 

Iha okaziaun ne’e, Timor-Leste louva no apoio lideransa hosi Nasaun Ilha Pasifiku sira hanesan Kiribati, Tuvalu no Marshal Islands bá sira nian luta hasoru mudansa klimatika. 

 

Timor-Leste oras ne’e sai nudar membru observador ba Fórum Ilha Pasifiku sira no ho estatutu ida ne’e, Timor-Leste hetan mos assesu bá inisiativa rejional ne’ebé durante ne’e hetan fundu hosi Uniaun Europeia liu hosi Fundu Dezenvolvimentu Europeiu bá dala-10.

 

Durante vizita iha Port Moresby, Vise-Ministru Roberto Soares aproveita mos oportunidade halao sorumutu bilateral no dada lia informal iha marjem fórum ne’e nian ho dignitariu balun, hodi troka perspetiva no explora posibilidade ho objetivu atu reforsa liu tan lasu amizade no koperasaun. Dignitariu hirak ne’e mak hanesan Primeiru-Ministru no Ministru Negósiu Estranjeiru Papua Nova Guiné nian, Prezidente Kiribati, Sekretáriu-Jeral Fórum Ilha Pasifiku sira nian, Komisariu Uniaun Europeia, Sekretáriu-Jeral ACP no dignitariu sira seluk tan.

 

 

Iha sorumutu Fórum Ilha Pasifiku sira ba dala-46 ne’e, Vise-Ministru Negósiu Estranjeiru no Koperasaun, Roberto Soares akompaña hosi Embaixador Timor-Leste bá Australia, Abel Guterres, Diretor ba Diresaun Organizasõens Internasionais, Fulgencio Corbafo no Vise NAO, Madalena Hanjam.

 

Pequim, 04 Setembru 2015 – Tuir Komunikadu ne’ebe fo sai husi Gabinete Prezidensia ninia informa katak durante estadia iha Xina, Prezidente Republika, Taur Matan Ruak, ne’ebé akompañadu ho Primeira Dama, Isabel da Costa Ferreira, no Ministru Negosiu Estrangeirus no Kooperasaun, Sr. Hernani Coelho hamutuk ho Embaixador TL iha Xina, Sra. Vicky Tchong, Sexta-Feira dader, oras 10:40 halao vizita ba Eskola Tékniku-Profissional Changping, lokalizada iha Zheng Yangiu, Songlanpu Shahe Changping, iha Pequim Xina.

 

Durante eventu refere, Sentru Demostrasaun Agrikóla (quinta Pedagózika), hetan atensaun espesiál, liuliu, iha pavilaun ida ne’ebé promove investigasaun no dezenvolvimentu ba ai-horis sira ho tipu orquidea ho parseria hosi empreza Taiwonders.

 

Orquideas ne’ebé boot dadaun no jenetikamente modifika no hadi’ak liútan iha eskola, hetan ona premius nasionais no internasionais oioin, ne’ebé fó destaka ba variedades foun oioin ba kores no durasaun (to’o fulan tolu) ne’ebé investigadores sira hetan. Hafoin ida-ne’e, Sentru ne’ebé refere mós iha tan laboratóriu ida atu dezenvolve produtu foun sira ne’ebé mai husi orquideas (ho destake ba kosmetika, sabonetes no parfumes/mina morin).

 

Iha fatin ne’ebé refere alunus no profesores husi Eskola Otelaria no Restaurasaun oferese mós almosu no aprezenta rezultadu atendimentu ba kliente no hahan foun husi kulinaria Chineza nian.

 

Iha eskola ne’e ladauk iha estudante husi Timor, tan ne’e sira iha disponibilidade atu asina Protokolu kooperasaun ida, ne’ebé bele loke posibilidade ba estudante Timor-oan sira atu ba halo istudu iha sira-nia eskola, no mós haruka profesóres sira mai Timor-Leste, hanesan halo ona ho nasaun seluk hirak.

 

Eskola Tékniku Profesionál Changping harii iha tinan 1983, hanesan parte integradu husi estrutura Ensinu Tékniku Profesionál Públika, husi kampaña ida ne’ebé hakarak moderniza no profesionaliza Ensinu sekundáriu iha China.

 

Eskola Tékniku Profesionál Changping hahu fofoun hanesan Eskola Vokasionál ba Profesóres no Alunus sira husi area utilizasaun no manutensaun autómoveis. Maibé, oras ne’e dedika ona mós ba area oioin desde agrikultura (Florikultura no ortikultura,nsst): floresta no industria dekorativas, otelaria no restaurasaun, Teknolojia Informasaun, nsst.

 

Kampus lokaliza iha fatin ida ho nia luan besik hektares 213, ne’ebé iha edifísiu ba apoiu ensinu hodi benefisia alunus no profesóres hamutuk 5200. Iha mós programas prátiku, extra kurikular, ne’ebé dedika ba area hamutuk 300, ho destake ba Sentru Demostrasaun Agrikóla, ne’ebé aplika filosofia “Kintal Pedagójika”, ne’ebé diriji ba vizitantes jovens sira.

 

Hafoin halao vizita ba Eskola Tékniku-Profissional Changping, Xefe Estadu mós halao vizita ba Sentru Exibisãun Planeamentu Urbanu Beijing ne’ebé foka liúba nesesidade ezisténsia Planu Estratéjiku (pur izemplu, atu implemente até 2030), Planus Diretóres Munisipais no Planu purmenor ho objetivu atu fasilita kresimentu urbanu ida ne’ebé di’ak, sustentável no ambientalmente responsável.

 

 

Vizita ida ne’e partikularmente relevante iha faze atual dezenvolvimentu Timor-Leste nian no serve mós hanesan ezemplu ba munisípius hirak iha Timor-Leste iha sira nia Planu Urbanu.

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